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WELBERTH WARBLER MARTINS FERREIRA




The atomic force




          So far, the force of gravity does not exist in the universe. It is impossible for the nucleus of the atom and the electron, come together to generate the hydrogen atom using as essence of creation, just simply the force of gravity. For the electron and the nucleus of the atom can unite in order to generate the hydrogen atom, it is necessary that each particle is surrounded by an electromagnetic field. The electromagnetic field has an intensity of force that is much larger than the intensity of the magnetic field strength, and therefore, the gain in kinetic energy that the electromagnetic field gives a punctiform load is much larger than the gain of energy kinetics that the magnetic field provides the same load. This gain of kinetic energy greater triggering Lavoisier's law which leads the transformation of the centripetal force of the electron at centrifugal force and contrariwise. The birth of the force of gravity occurs at the precise moment when the cluster of matter, electrically unstable, driven out of its interior, the part of the field which is responsible for its instability. The act of expelling a negative electrical charge toward infinity gives, at this load, the kinetic energy at the same time creates the electron. In contrast, the third law of Newton is present giving the positive electric charge kinetic energy. Thus the electron and proton is converted into electromagnetic loads.

          The force of gravity is a force of attraction that pulls, any piece of matter, to the center of the body which is responsible for the production of the force of gravity. If the proton and electron has only just the force of gravity without creating electromagnetic fields around themselves, the electron is, therefore, attracted to the central part of the hydrogen atom. The central part of the hydrogen atom is nothing more than the proton. Thus, the electron is, by force of gravity of the atom of hydrogen, much attracted to the nucleus of the atom. The infinite power of attraction will cause the collision of electron with the proton. The collision of electron with the nucleus of the atom will, in turn, destroy the atom. As the atom will always be destroyed by force of attraction of the electron which is made by the force of gravity, we can conclude that it is impossible the existence of the electron and the proton which makes impossible the existence of the atom. For the atom can exist, it is necessary the existence of the proton and electron, as is necessary the existence of the electron to create molecules. Similarly it is impossible to create a rock, a tree or anything else without the molecule, it is impossible to create the molecules without the existence of the electron. Based on this explanation given about the force of gravity, we can conclude that the gravitational field, without the electromagnetic field, makes impossible the existence of the atom.

         The atom is an electric charge that is moving in space by means of chaotic movements. All electric charge in motion has an electric field and magnetic field. For this reason all electric charge in motion is called the electromagnetic load. According to the law of Coulomb loads equal if repel and charges contrary if attracting. As the load from the electron is different of the charge of the nucleus of the atom, the electron is, through the electromagnetic field of the atom, attracted to the nucleus of the atom. The electron, when it collides with the nucleus of the atom, should be destroyed after passing through the collision, but as the electron, to approaching of the proton, falls into a stable orbit, this collision does not occur. Since the electron is under the influence of electromagnetic field of the nucleus of the atom, which has the power to attract the electron, how can the electrons remains in a stable orbit?

         The electromagnetic field produced by the electron moves through space as a wave, but as the core of the atom is moving as far as the electron is moving; the nucleus of the atom also produces an electromagnetic field that is moving through space in the form of a wave. Now I make you the following question: what happens when two different loads, electromagnetic and pinhead if moving within a region of space next of the one another? I interrupt my work now, briefly, to give you a little time to think about this puzzle, but as I put the answer of this question in the next paragraph of this text, I advise to think fast.

         Four things happen:

         1º ) force of attraction;

         2º ) displacement of center of gravity of punctiform load by the area where it is moving;

         3º ) centripetal force and

         4º ) centrifugal force .

         When the expulsion of the electron within the area that was electrically unstable, the electron is launched towards the infinite and by the action of the third law of Newton, the proton is released toward the infinite which is opposite to the infinity to which the electron is going. For that the electron can if keep off from the proton to move toward the infinity is necessary that the electron be under the domain of centrifugal force. It is impossible to move the electron toward infinity if the electron be under the domain of centripetal force. The electron, to be lighter than the proton, diverges from the proton with a speed which is higher than the speed that the proton develops keep off to of the electron. As proton and electron have different loads, one will attract the other. By the law of Coulomb, this force of attraction decreases in intensity, since the proton and electron are moving in opposite directions. At the same time as the increase in distance decreases the force of attraction of punctiform loads, this force of attraction decreases the intensity of both the proton kinetic energy as the electron.

         As the force of attraction is very large in relation to the kinetic energy, the kinetic energy becomes small enough to make with that the centrifugal force exceeds the limit of their existence. When the electron exceeds the limit of existence, the centrifugal force becomes, through the law of Lavoisier in the centripetal force that prevents the electron to go toward the infinite. For this reason the atomic force of attraction that exists between the proton and electron will cause the electron (which is lighter than the proton) start their journey toward the proton (the proton, being heavier takes longer to start walking toward the electron). Never forget that the proton is a punctiform load that is moving through space (in other words, the center of gravity of the proton is never in one even place. He moves from place to the extent that the electron moves. If you forget this detail, you will not be able to understand how it originate to centripetal force and will not be able to understand how the centripetal force becomes centrifugal force and contrariwise.) This translational movement of the proton changes its center of gravity of the place in the region of space that was when the proton and electron started walking in opposite directions. As the electron is always attracted to the place where is the center of gravity of the proton, the change in location of its center of gravity causes the electron if move to the side in the measure at as the electron, with the loss of kinetic energy, go if away of proton. This displacement that the proton influences the electron to make to the side obliges the electron the to begin to move in a circular path. Thus the electron is driven by the proton to make a curve to change its sense of direction to beginning its journey toward the proton. This curve that the proton induces the electron to do causes the birth of a force which is called the centripetal force. Never forget that the proton is heavier than the electron. If the weight were equal, it would be impossible to avoid the collision of proton with the electron, since the displacement of the center of gravity of one, would be equal to the displacement of the center of gravity of the other, and would equal the gain and loss of energy kinetics. By the law of Coulomb, in that the electron moves towards the proton, the force of attraction increases in intensity. The increased intensity of the force of attraction causes the increase of the kinetic energy of the electron. The increase in kinetic energy, in turn, causes the increase of centripetal force until the moment when the centripetal force reaches its greatest intensity and reaches the limit of their existence. After the centripetal force, reach its limit of existence, the electron continues the to approach of the proton. By the law of Coulomb, this approach generates an increase of electromagnetic force of attraction (attraction magnetic attraction + electric), which in turn generates a further increase of the kinetic energy of the electron. This increase even greater of the kinetic energy of the electron, added to the displacement of the center of gravity of the proton, through space, per intermediate the law of Lavoisier, do the centripetal force be converted into centrifugal force, thus preventing the collision of the electron with the proton. For this reason, the electron starts to deviate again of the proton. By the law of Coulomb, the force of attraction decreases in intensity, in the measure at as the electron moves away from the proton. At the same time as the increase in distance decreases the force of attraction of electromagnetic loads pinhead, this force of attraction also decreases the intensity of the kinetic energy of the electron. Thus the kinetic energy of electron decreases in intensity until the centrifugal force reaches the limit of their existence. After reaching their limit of existence, the electromagnetic atomic force of attraction continues to attract the electron of mode induces the electron to suffer a reduction of kinetic energy even higher. This reduction of kinetic energy added of the displacement of the center of gravity of the proton through space, per intermediate the law of Lavoisier, the centrifugal force becomes at centripetal force. The renaissance of the centripetal force oblige the electron the restart a new approximation with the proton, which places the electron in a vicious circle where alternately the centripetal force becomes centrifugal force and contrariwise. The region of space where these changes occur is called the orbital stable. The Scientists acknowledge the existence of seven stable orbits. They also they called these layers of electronic orbits. These electronic layers are more known by the names of Layer K; layer L; layer M; layer N; layer O; layer P and layer Q. These are the stable regions of the atom where electrons can be found.

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